CURRENT: STATICS AND ROBOTIC CONSTRUCTION OF SELF-BALANCING STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS
The disruptive potential of robotic construction for the building industry comes to the fore when this technology is viewed in the context of other emerging innovations such as novel structural design and analysis approaches. However, current building forms, constructed with robots, have significant economic and environmental consequences due to their construction process, which is still deeply rooted in a pre-robotic construction rationale. During construction, these types of structures need temporary support (e.g. formwork, shoring and props), which goes to waste once the structure is complete, adding to the economic and environmental cost of the project.
We study self-balancing mechanics of large-span structural systems combined with robotic construction constraints to overcome these challenges. It is hypothesized that by combining form finding techniques, artificial intelligence methods and robotic fabrication approaches, the shape and topology of a self-balancing system can be tailored to 1) enable beneficial structural action and 2) be constructed with robots without formwork and thus eliminate construction waste.
Designing and controlling the geometry and layout of large-scale structures ushers in new structural typologies defined by self-balancing functionalities and waste-free construction.